Stage – a Tile and Sprite Engine

Stage is a library that lets you display tile grids and sprites on SPI-based RGB displays in CircuitPython. It is mostly made with video games in mind, but it can be useful in making any kind of graphical user interface too.

For performance reasons, a part of this library has been written in C and has to be compiled as part of the CircuitPython firmware as the _stage module. For memory saving reasons, it’s best if this library is also included in the firmware, as a frozen module.

API Reference

The API reference is available at


class stage.BMP16(filename)[source]

Read 16-color BMP files.


Read the image data.


Read the file’s header information.


Read the color palette information.

class stage.Bank(buffer=None, palette=None)[source]

Store graphics for the tiles and sprites.

A single bank stores exactly 16 tiles, each 16x16 pixels in 16 possible colors, and a 16-color palette. We just like the number 16.

classmethod from_bmp16(filename)[source]

Read the bank from a BMP file.

classmethod from_image(filename)[source]

Read the bank from an image file.

exception stage.EndOfData[source]
class stage.GIF16(filename)[source]

Read 16-color GIF files.

class stage.Grid(bank, width=8, height=8, palette=None, buffer=None)[source]

A grid is a layer of tiles that can be displayed on the screen. Each square can contain any of the 16 tiles from the associated bank.

move(x, y, z=None)[source]

Shift the whole layer respective to the screen.

tile(x, y, tile=None)[source]

Get or set what tile is displayed in the given place.

class stage.Sprite(bank, frame, x, y, z=0, rotation=0, palette=None)[source]

A sprite is a layer containing just a single tile from the associated bank, that can be positioned anywhere on the screen.

move(x, y, z=None)[source]

Move the sprite to the given place.

set_frame(frame=None, rotation=None)[source]

Set the current graphic and rotation of the sprite.

The possible values for rotation are: 0 - none, 1 - 90 degrees clockwise, 2 - 180 degrees, 3 - 90 degrees counter-clockwise, 4 - mirrored, 5 - 90 degrees clockwise and mirrored, 6 - 180 degrees and mirrored, 7 - 90 degrees counter-clockwise and mirrored.

class stage.Stage(display, fps=6, scale=None)[source]

Represents what is being displayed on the screen.

The display parameter is displayio.Display representing an initialized display connected to the device.

The fps specifies the maximum frame rate to be enforced.

The scale specifies an optional scaling up of the display, to use 2x2 or 3x3, etc. pixels. If not specified, it is inferred from the display size (displays wider than 256 pixels will have scale=2, for example).

render_block(x0=None, y0=None, x1=None, y1=None)[source]

Update a rectangle of the screen.


Update the spots taken by all the sprites in the list.


Wait for the start of the next frame.

class stage.Text(width, height, font=None, palette=None, buffer=None)[source]

Text layer. For displaying text.

char(x, y, c=None, hightlight=False)[source]

Get or set the character at the given location.


Clear all text from the layer.

cursor(x=None, y=None)[source]

Move the text cursor to the specified row and column.

move(x, y, z=None)[source]

Shift the whole layer respective to the screen.

text(text, hightlight=False)[source]

Display text starting at the current cursor location. Return the dimensions of the rendered text.

class stage.WallGrid(grid, walls, bank, palette=None)[source]

A special grid, shifted from its parents by half a tile, useful for making nice-looking corners of walls and similar structures.

stage.collide(ax0, ay0, ax1, ay1, bx0, by0, bx1=None, by1=None)[source]

Return True if the two rectangles intersect.

stage.color565(r, g, b)[source]

Convert 24-bit RGB color to 16-bit.



An initialized display, that can be used for creating Stage objects.


An instance of GamePad or other similar class, that has a get_pressed method for retrieving a bit mask of pressed buttons. That value can be then checked with & operator against the constants: K_UP, K_DOWN, K_LEFT, K_RIGHT, K_X, K_O and on some platforms also: K_START and K_SELECT.

And instance of the Audio or other similar class, that has play, stop and mute methods.